the Era of Reconstruction

residency requirements, rule variations, literacy and understanding tests, which were subjectively applied against minorities, or were particularly hard for the poor to fulfill. The naacp often represented plaintiffs directly, or helped raise funds to support legal challenges. What many thought of as progress, however, others regarded with apprehension. Iowa, with a total vote of 316,377. Legal racial segregation in the South did not end until after passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Republican voters and turn Republicans out of office. Wilson won the election in a landslide, not only winning every Southern and border state electoral vote but also winning a large majority of electoral votes outside the South. And the social problems that accompanied the nation's industrial development fueled the rise of national labor unions and unprecedented clashes between capital and labor. 58 Russell said: We will resist to the bitter end any measure or any movement which would have a tendency to bring about social equality and intermingling and amalgamation of the races in our (Southern) states. 54 In its ruling in Giles. South that were deliberately used to prevent black citizens from registering to vote and voting.

He raised substantial funds and also arranged for representation on some cases, such as the two for Giles in Alabama. A b c Richard. Other southern states quickly adopted new constitutions and what they called the "Mississippi plan." By 1908, all states of the former Confederacy had passed new constitutions or suffrage amendments, sometimes bypassing general elections to achieve this. University of North Carolina Press. Tinkham from Massachusetts offered a resolution for the Committee of Census to investigate alleged disfranchisement of blacks. Most Border States did attempt such disenfranchisement during the 1900s.

the Era of Reconstruction